End-of-life Care

Act Respecting End-of-Life Care

The Ministère de la santé et des services sociaux (MSSS) has made available a number of online tools to provide the public with information about Bill 52, the Act Respecting End-of-Life Care. The Act, which came into effect on December 10, 2015, ensures that individuals at the end of life have access to high-quality care and support adapted to their specific situation to prevent or alleviate their suffering.

Bill 52 is comprised of three components: 

  1. Advance medical directives are contained in a written document in which a person of full age who is capable of giving consent to care specifies in advance the medical care that they will agree or refuse to receive in the event that they become incapable of giving consent to care in specific clinical situations. They can express their wishes using the form “Advance Medical Directives in Case of Incapacity to Consent to Care” or via a notarial act.

    Advance Medical Directives - Description, Requirements, Procedure 

  2. Palliative care (including continuous palliative sedation) refers to all treatment and care given to patients suffering from a terminal disease. Without delaying or hastening death, palliative care aims to give patients and those close to them the best possible quality of life and provide them with the support they need. 

    Palliative Care - Description, Persons Covered, Procedure

  3. Medical aid in dying may only be requested by a person of full age who is capable of giving consent to care. No one else may make the request on behalf of the individual. To receive this aid, a person at the end of life must meet all of the criteria as set out in the Act.

    Medical Aid in Dying - Description, Requirements, Procedure

Quebecers are now free to make their own choices about end-of-life care. To learn more, consult the two official guides published by the MSSS, Advance Medical Directives and Rights of a person at the end of life.


The Montréal West Island IUHSSC (MWI IUHSSC) has published a number of documents, including a code of ethics, a policy and a clinical care program, which will help ensure that the provisions and rules contained in the Act are respected and that all personnel will be able to answer requests from individuals at the end of life. 

Rapport sur l'application de la politique concernant les soins de fin de vie - MWI IUHSSC 

Should you have any questions concerning end of life care, please call the MWI IUHSSC Info Line at 514-630-2123

The MWI IUHSSC professionals can access the end of life forms and documentation on the Intranet.